In 1787, the Constitution considered Black people as three-fifths of a human being. Blacks voting was not an issue. Then came the Civil War and the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Enslaving people, except as punishment for a crime, was illegal. Birthright U.S. citizenship was established, explicitly including freed enslaved people. Black men got the right to vote. Over 2,000 Black men were elected to government offices, and they began purchasing or homesteading property and voting.
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Anglo-Protestant cultural chauvinism held sway for much of American history, though since the mid-1900s, it can be said to have lost some of its power. Throughout its history, many racial or ethnic groups—such as Hispanic Americans, African-Americans, or Asian Americans in the United States have struggled to counter the dominant ethnic or racial prejudice of the Anglo-Protestant majority by recovering alternative religious visions of nationhood or cultural solidarity. For groups such as the 20th-century Native American Church, or the African American Nation of Islam, religious expression formed an important vehicle to contest white supremacy.
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The paper examines racism's ‘debatability’ by looking at the interpellation of public acts of racism. The idea of racism as an event appears crucial to the judgment of its legitimacy. By examining racism as a disjointed series of public events that are often accompanied by elisions of the connections between racist ‘eruptions’ and systemic conditions, I shine light on what is meant by racism today. Racism can be theorized dually as both frozen and motile. This is due to emphasis being placed on what race is taken to be, rather than on what it does. Confusion over how to formulate anti-racism is based on this misconception of race at the core of much anti-racist thought, leading to an obscuration of racism. Critically examining some contemporary anti-racist activity, I briefly assess the role played by those who challenge racism in legitimizing or negating official interpretations of racism in contemporary Australia.
It was proven that algorithms behind many social media platforms were manipulated in an attempt to influence black voters. The released Mueller report outlined it plainly: Russian operatives deliberately targeted black activists online through social media—using the algorithmic technology behind online platforms to purposely cause dissension among black voters in the 2016 election (on page 32 of the Special Counsel’s report).
Some shit to remember.
Reposted from @triplebravo - Be ready to defend yourself, your loved ones, and your property. This SHOULD be ingrained in every American. It’s our responsibility as free people. Fight ANY effort to restrict your ability to fulfill this responsibility!
Repost from @call_me_ak using @RepostRegramApp - This is the only thing I need to point out when any idiot tries to tell me that certain guns and accessories need to be outlawed and that we need to disarm. 26 years ago Hardworking Korean-Americans and Korean immigrants in Koreatown LA became the target of the most costly and damaging riot in US history.
Over 40% of the 1 billion dollars of damage was disproportionately directed at this minority community. Over 2,300 Korea owned businesses were looted or put to the torch. Koreans were hung out to dry when the LAPD cordoned off the riot so it wouldn't bleed over to West Hollywood and Beverly Hills and left the Korean Community to fend for itself.…
After “Letting the legal system do its job” Vigilante, James Veromback, successfully murders recent HBCU Grad turned software developer: 22 Year Old Tyrique Hudson. Months prior , Hudson tried to get an order or protection against his neighbor saying that he kept making murder promises to him but Judge Devy Patterson Russell said nah. #whytheracecardisplayed